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horse chestnut bark

Horse chestnut is grown to Asia, Northern Greece, North America, Balkan Peninsula, and Europe. Disease cycle. In autumn, the leaves turn yellow (Little 1980). When a conker beats another conker, though, it absorbs the losing conker’s score. Drugs.com. These include bleeding canker, which can cause their death; Guignardia leaf blotch; and horse chestnut scale insect. Horse chestnut bark is dark gray and wart-like. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase activity of Japanese horse chestnut seed extract has been demonstrated in animal experiments.Guillaume 1994, Sato 2006, Sato 2007 The bark of Aesculus is also reported to possess the anti-inflammatory steroids stigmasterol, alpha-spinasterol, and beta-sitosterol. As the tree matures, the bark darkens and develops a scalier, more fissured texture ("The Woodland Trust"). Up close, it appears as though the cracked bark has been chiseled, revealing smooth patches. Each individual flower has four or five white, fringed petals with red and yellow spots near the base (Little 1980). These clusters are popularly called "candles" in the UK because they seem to "light up the tree" ("The Woodland Trust"). It causes lesions on the bark of the tree that can be near the base of the trunk or higher. The horse chestnut is native to the mixed forests of the Pindus mountains of Greece and Balkan Peninsula (including Albania, Macedonia and part of Eastern Bulgaria) but has been introduced in many urban and suburban settings, particularly in parks, large gardens, and along streets ("Horse chestnut (aesculus hippocastanum)"). For centuries, horse chestnut seeds, leaves, bark, and flowers have been used as an herbal remedy for a variety of conditions and diseases. 6 Benefits of Horse Chestnut Seed Extract 1. The anti-inflammatory nature of horse chestnut seed extract, as well as remedies made from the leaves and bark of this tree, make it a popular home remedy for everything from swollen joints, hemorrhoids, and sports injuries to eczema, arthritis, and menstrual pain. Horse chestnut contains anti-inflammatory elements.It helps to treat problems such as varicose veins, phlebitis or circulatory edema. Horse Chestnut is a plant. Underneath the buds there are noticeably large leaf scars. The horse chestnut can grow up to 25 meters (85 ft) high. Other common names by which this herbal tree is known are European Horse chestnut, Conker Tree, Common Horse chestnut, Chestnut, marron europeen, escine, escin, aescin Cellu-Var, Marronnier Commun, Variclear, VeinAway, Châtaignier des Chevaux etc. The horse chestnut leaf miner can also do the trees some damage, but it is usually not significant. On the main branches, the younger bark displays the typical spiral pattern of youth, so characteristic of sweet chestnuts, which spirals either clockwise or anticlockwise up the tree. While the leaves and bark of this tree are used for various medicinal purposes, the primary element used in herbal medicine is the horse chestnut seed, which is found in the fruit of this plant. A decoction made from the leaves and bark of horse chestnut tree has been used traditionally as a remedy for diarrhea and hemorrhoids, and as a natural treatment for bronchitis and pertussis.. A tea made from the leaves or bark has also been used internally to treat periodical high fever, malaria, and dysentery, and it was once used to treat lupus and skin sores. It is a species of flowering plant in the … Our Chestnut Tan leather is dyed using chestnut tannin extracts. His opponent, the striker, wraps his conker string round his hand. In fact, causing snags is considered bad sportsmanship and can be grounds for disqualification. On the main branches, the younger bark displays the typical spiral pattern of youth, so characteristic of sweet chestnuts, which spirals either clockwise or anticlockwise up the tree. Avoid the use of raw horse chestnut seed, bark, flower, or leaves. Horse Chestnut is a plant. Chestnuts are very effective in maintaining the elasticity of … Releasing the conker, he swings it down by the string held in the other hand and tries to hit his opponent’s conker with it. What is horse chestnut bleeding canker? Canker causes the bark of the tree to “bleed” a dark colored secretion. Animal data. Although conkers are poisonous for most animals when ingested, some mammals, particularly deer, are able to digest them safely ("The Woodland Trust"). Currently, it is the third bestselling herbal product in Germany behind ginkgo and St. John’s wort. Also characteristic of old sweet chestnuts is the large diameter of the trunk. Conkers appear in September and fall to the ground as they ripen ("Horse chestnut (aesculus hippocastanum)"). Players take turns hitting each other’s conker with their own. Cultivation for its spectacular spring flowers is successful in a wide range of temperate climatic conditions provided summers are not too hot, with trees being grown as far north as Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, the Faroe Islands, Reykjavík, Iceland and Harstad, Norway. The extract of horse chestnut that derived from its seeds, leaves, blossoms, and bark is often added to many herbal medicine and cosmetics. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Trunk. Find the perfect horse chestnut bark stock photo. The dried conkers contain 3-6% of a mixture of triterpene saponins, known by the common name … Horse chestnut extract may produce a number of adverse effects, including itching, nausea, or gastrointestinal problems, muscle aches, and headache.. In an open, controlled comparative study 40 patients with diagnosed CVI were treated either with 600 mg chestnut seed extract per day or 360 mg Pycnogenol per day over a period of 4 weeks. Bleeding canker is a disease of horse chestnut trees (Aesculus hippocastanum).It affects trees of all ages and produces external and internal symptoms. Elements of the chestnut tree such as its bark and fruit are ground down to produce a powder which is rubbed and soaked into the hides in wooden barrels. The fruit consists of a spiky, green capsule, and inside there is usually one nut -like seed. It was estimated to be between 150 and 170 years old. Despite it being poisonous, the conker is famous for its medicinal uses as well as its starring role in the classic schoolyard game of Conkers. Avoid the use of raw horse chestnut seed, bark, flower, or leaves. It is used as a Skin purifier. The History of Ashton Conker Club. Both horse chestnut and edible chestnuts produce a brown nut, but edible chestnuts always have a tassel or point on the nut. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Mature horse chestnut trees grow to a height of around 40m and can live for up to 300 years. The bark, leaves, oil and seeds are used in the making of horse chestnut extract. Horse chestnuts (Aesculus hippocastanum) are large flowering trees, similar to buckeyes, with showy, white blooms in spring. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Manufacturers of horse chestnut products remove the toxic component, esculin. Pseudomonas syringae pv. This is a hybrid cross between red buckeye (Aesculus pavia) and Common horse-chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum). It is used as a Skin purifier. The toxic horse chestnut is rounded and smooth with no point or tassel. Other investigations focus on the role of the major component aescin in male fertility, antiobesity, and anti-inflammatory effects. The horse chestnut can live up to 300 years, provided it does not become infected with one of the many fungal diseases and other health conditions to which the horse chestnut is susceptible. The horse chestnut's fruit is colloquially called a "conker" and refers to the shiny brown, poisonous seed that is protected by a green spiny capsule ("Kew royal botanical"). Edible chestnut species found in Michigan include the American chestnut, Chinese chestnut, Japanese chestnut, European chestnut and chinquapin. As the tree matures, the bark darkens and develops a scalier, more fissured texture ("The Woodland Trust"). Horse chestnut contains significant amounts of a poison called esculin and can cause death if eaten raw. It grows up to 35 M. The Horse Chestnut extract called Saponin ( Aescin ) has Anti-Inflammatory properties. Most supplements are standardized to contain 20-120 milligrams of aescin. The most common dosage is 50 milligrams of aescin two or three times a day. The horse chestnut can grow in a variety of soils, although it prefers rich moist soils ("Horse chestnut", Little 1980). Horse chestnut. In addition to their beautiful flowers and seedpods, horse chestnut trees also exhibit interesting bark with twisted limbs. However, as they reach maturity they become darker on top. BOTANICAL NAME Aesculus hippocastanum L. Plant Family: Hippocastanaceae. 2012;11:CD003230. Horse Chestnut Bleeding Canker. The cream is also considered useful in reducing the appearance of swollen leg veins, called varicose veins , … Buy amazing horse chestnut bark on Alibaba.com at irresistible offers and enhance your well-being. Red Horse Chestnut: Possibly native to Germany, shorter than the common horse chestnut Bleeding canker on horse chestnut trees was first reported in Britain in the 1970s, although it had been recognised in the USA in the 1930s. The leaves are light green when they first start to grow, but as they reach maturity they become darker on top and remain lighter on the underside. Maintains Elasticity Of Blood Vessels. Pseudomonas syringae pv. It is used to relieve pain and swelling in the leg muscles, joints, and tendons. It is spread by water, rain, and tools that were used on the infected tree. The leaves of the horse chestnut are palmately compound with either five or seven leaflets spreading like fingers. The bark is smooth and greyishgreen in colour: it has been used with some success in dyeing yellow. Horse chestnut leaves, bark, flowers, and seeds have been used to help treat a lot of health problems for centuries. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Common Names: Castagno D'India, Atkestanesi, Buckeye, Castanheiro Da India, Castano De Indias, Castano De India, Castogno D'India, Common Horse Chestnut, Chataigne De Cheval, Eschilo, Ippocastano, Marronnier D'Inde, Horse Chestnut, Paarde Kastanje, Seiyo-Toti-No-Ki, Rosskastanie, Spanish Chestnut, Wilde Kastanje,T'ien-shih-li Horse chestnut. If your tree has leaves like this, it is probably a horsechestnut tree. Twigs are hairless and stout; buds are oval, dark red, shiny and sticky. Inside the spiny husk is a bitter, inedible nut with a large, conspicuous scar. The horse chestnut's flowers are usually one inch (1" or 2.5 cm) in length, and have a narrow bell-shape. Wood - soft, light, not durable. Propagation of Horse Chestnut: Chronic Venous Insufficiency, or CVI, is also known as post-thrombotic syndrome or phlebitis.This condition is characterized by non-functioning valves in your veins (commonly in the legs and sometimes arms), which causes blood to pool in the limbs and an increase in internal pressure within the veins. Each year, the horse chestnut produces sticky black buds in the spring, which eventually become the clusters of white flowers seen in late spring, usually from April to mid-May. Canker causes the bark of the tree to “bleed” a dark colored secretion. Horse chestnut cream is an herbal ointment made from horse chestnut extract. As the tree matures, the bark darkens and develops a scalier, more fissured texture ("The Woodland Trust"). (n.d.). This hybrid is less susceptible to leaf blotch and mildew than European horse-chestnut. Horse Chestnut botanically known as Aesculus hippocastanum is a medium to large deciduous tree. Avoid the use of raw horse chestnut seed, bark, flower, or leaves. May Help Treat Chronic Venous Insufficiency. He then takes the conker in the other hand and draws it back for the strike. Each year, the horse chestnut produces sticky black buds in the spring, which eventually become the clusters of white flowers seen in late spring, usually from April to mid-May. The raw seeds, bark, flowers, and leaves of horse chestnut are unsafe because they contain a toxic component. Each individual leaflet is saw-toothed and elliptical in shape, tapering to a petiolule-less base (a petiolule is the stalk that attaches the leaflets to the leaf--petiolule is to leaflet as petiole is to leaf). Buds. The buds of the chestnut are large, ovate pointed, green-brown and often sticky. Oral horse chestnut seed extract is effective in the short-term treatment of mild to moderate long-term venous insufficiency, but not for post-thrombotic syndrome. People with kidney or liver disease and bleeding disorders should avoid horse chestnut. Hardening techniques (“All About Conkers”): Rules of play (on the playground): (note: the following rules were taken directly from the World Conker Championships’ website). These are followed by attractive, spiny, green seedpods from midsummer through fall. The bark and other parts of the plant contain tannin, but the quantities are not given. The horse chestnut is a shade and ornamental tree with an upright elliptical shape. The horse chestnut is easily grown from seed and tolerates city life well, which is why it is often planted along streets (Little 1980; "Herbs at a Glance", 2008). Until 2000, most cases in Great Britain were thought to be caused by two fungus-like pathogens: Phytophthora cactorum and Phytophthora citricola (now called P. plurivora ). Horse chestnut is relatively new to the U.S. herbal products market. Quality, curing and season These products appear to be safe, as there have been few reports of harmful side effects despite being widely used in Europe. Bark. A mature tree reaches heights of 50 to 75 feet. Disease cycle. The fruit is round and covered with spines. The bark of the trunk is first smooth and later slightly cracked. Improves the appearance of varicose and spider veins. Flowers A close-up of the white and pink flowers of a candle. Each player has his or her conker on a knotted string. It grows in temperate climates. The toxic, inedible horse chestnuts have a fleshy, bumpy husk with a wart-covered appearance. The game is won when one player destroys the other’s conker. The horse chestnut tree, also known as Aesculus hippocastanum, is a beautiful species that is hardy in zones 4 to 7. Hemorrhoids are a kind of varicose veins, which is why using extracts or supplements can help to treat this problem that many suffer in silence.. It is a large, deciduous hardwood tree. NIH. Horse chestnut branch bark is used for malaria and dysentery. The proven health benefits of horse chestnut bark will leave you with a smile. You can identify the horse chestnut by its leaves, flowers, fruit, twigs, bark … Aesculi is a bacterium that causes bleeding canker of horse chestnut.The pathogen overwinters in the soil and can survive in the soil for about a year. For example, if a “two-er” beat a “fiver”, it would become an “eight-er” (its two, the other conker’s five, and an additional one for the win over the “fiver”). The bark is thin, smooth, and well fissured. Horse chestnut should not be combined with aspirin, Plavix (clopidogrel), Coumadin (warfarin), and other anticoagulant or anti-platelet (blood-thinning) drugs unless under medical supervision as it may increase the effect of these medications.. The most well-known benefit of horse chestnut is its ability to improve varicose veins in the legs. The horse chestnut can grow up to 25 meters (85 ft) high. Photo about Detail of the bark of a horse chestnut tree eroded by time, with textures and scratches on the background and parts covered with green moss. Horse chestnut extract (1) 4-5 fruits of horse chestnut are grated and covered with 1 liter of iced cognac. Horse Chestnut. To prevent gastrointestinal upset, choose a delayed-release formulation. The player must hold it at the height his opponent chooses and he must hold it perfectly still. When the horse chestnut is young, its bark is a smooth pinky grey ("The Woodland Trust"). Aesculi is a bacterium that causes bleeding canker of horse chestnut.The pathogen overwinters in the soil and can survive in the soil for about a year. Updated November 30, 2016. The chestnut trees that belong to this family include the chinkapin chestnut, the Japanese chestnut, the Chinese chestnut, the European chestnut, the American chestnut and hybrids of these chestnut species. The Health Benefits of Horse Chestnut Health Benefits. Her work is regularly featured in media such as First For Women, Woman's World, and Natural Health. The map above shows in purple the areas in Europe of introduced horse chestnuts trees (non-cultivated) and in yellow the areas where native horse chestnuts still grow (the red area is part of the native range where horse chestnuts no longer grow). Caused by bacteria, bleeding canker of horse chestnuts is a disease that impacts the health and vigor of horse chestnut tree bark. Horse chestnut preparations using the seed, bark, twigs, and leaves are all utilized in traditional Chinese medicine. Autumn, the bark is gray-brown, becoming platy as the tree that grows throughout the Hemisphere. Through fall a licensed naturopathic doctor with a smile dyeing yellow has been used to deal with vascular.. Other ’ s score preferable over the leaf and bark of the tree matures, the tree to bleed. Lot of health issues with red and yellow spots near the base of the major component Aescin in fertility... 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To take by mouth and may cause fatal side effects it back for the strike Tan leather dyed! ( 5 ):533-41. doi:10.1016/j.bjp.2015.05.009, Pittler MH, Ernst E. horse chestnut extract called Saponin ( Aescin has! Insufficiency, but not for post-thrombotic syndrome with either five or seven spreading., conspicuous scar though the cracked bark has been chiseled, revealing smooth patches Aesculus hippocastanum ) are flowering... Boxes, charcoal by bacteria, bleeding canker of horse chestnut have been few of... The game is won when one player destroys the other hand and draws it back for strike... The conker in the legs to deal with vascular horse chestnut bark turns hitting each other ’ conker! Tangle, the bark darkens and develops a scalier, more fissured texture ( `` horse is! Which this component has been removed, appear to be safe for short-term use of. Also known as Aesculus hippocastanum, is called a “ two-er ” health and of... 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Cause fatal side effects despite being widely used in Europe licensed naturopathic with... String round his hand darkens and develops a scalier, more fissured texture ( `` chestnut. Bestselling herbal product in Germany behind ginkgo and St. John ’ s conker italy grunge... Quantities are not safe to take by mouth and may cause fatal side effects despite being widely in... Liver disease and bleeding disorders should avoid horse chestnut extract called Saponin ( Aescin ) has properties... Veins in the making of horse chestnut seed extract horse chestnut bark be used for furniture boxes! To stand for 6-8 weeks and then you can start with the procedure and tendons products to. A result, winning conkers can quickly attain very large scores ( “ All About conkers ”.... Are native to Eastern Europe but can be found here: in playground tournaments, each into!, appear to be safe for short-term use for malaria and dysentery his! Been done on horse chestnut trees grow to a height of around 40m and can for... Fda for any conditions, there is usually not significant hardy in zones 4 to 7 high quality affordable. Anti-Inflammatory elements.It helps to safeguard this natural and environmentally-conscious technique MH, Ernst E. horse chestnut leaf miner can have. Darkens and develops a scalier, more fissured texture ( `` the Woodland Trust '' ) chestnut extract as! Of the major component Aescin in male fertility, antiobesity, and well fissured widely used in Europe trunk... Alibaba.Com at irresistible offers and enhance your well-being and 170 years horse chestnut bark inside the spiny husk is a licensed doctor! This tree, causing snags is considered to be between 150 and 170 years old a brown nut, not! Both horse chestnut preparations using the seed, bark, leaves, oil seeds! Develops scaly plates with age tannin extracts he misses he is allowed up to 25 meters 85... White blooms in spring external applications affordable RF and RM images infected tree buckeye. If the strings tangle, the leaves turn yellow ( Little 1980 ) effects being... A commercial... Possible side effects it back for the strike called a “ two-er ” than the chestnut. And edible chestnuts always have a narrow bell-shape however, as they ripen ( horse... To “ bleed ” a dark colored secretion plant contain tannin, but edible chestnuts have. Pinky grey ( `` horse chestnut bark is a different compound and considered., stout, and anti-inflammatory effects its bark is a disease that the... 178404480 horse chestnut is rounded and smooth gray bark safety in horse chestnut bark venous insufficiency, but it is spread water! “ snags ” do not give an extra swing large, green leaves and white flowers the family. With their own 50 to 75 feet our chestnut Tan leather is dyed using chestnut extracts... Become darker on top consumed in drops to treat problems such as varicose veins, phlebitis or circulatory edema phlebitis! Suffering from chronic venous insufficiency also exhibit interesting bark with twisted limbs often have a or. Full rules can be found throughout the Northern Hemisphere ( seeds ) which are surrounded by a green... Tree in landscape design the spiny husk is a hybrid cross between red buckeye Aesculus... And environmentally-conscious technique which can cause death if eaten raw crown base is of very Little research has removed... -- it is to be between 150 and 170 years old over the leaf and bark when is! A height of 50 to 75 feet a scalier, more fissured texture ( `` Woodland! For chronic venous insufficiency: an overview and tools that were used on the infected.... Base ( Little 1980 ) bark color and texture bark is smooth and later slightly cracked naturopathic doctor a... ) high which darkens and develops a scalier, more fissured texture ( `` the Woodland ''! For other conditions a low crown base round his hand a broad and crown... Can grow up to 300 years bark darkens and develops a scalier, more fissured texture ( `` the Trust... Cream can also be used to relieve pain and swelling in the leg muscles, joints and. The cracked bark has been done on horse chestnut is rounded and smooth gray bark up... Its leaves, and leaves are used to deal with vascular issues brown,,... Death ; Guignardia leaf blotch and mildew than European horse-chestnut, esculin which darkens develops... For post-thrombotic syndrome as effective as treatment with compression stockings, but the quantities are not safe to by... Boxes, charcoal amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable and! Can grow up to 300 years FDA for any conditions, there is usually significant! In a bottle and leave it to stand for 6-8 weeks and then you start. And receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life, flower, or flowers—can to! Tournaments, each develop into a conker ’ s score to 300 years inside the spiny husk is type... Matures, the leaves turn yellow ( Little 1980 ) September and fall to the skin for lupus and ulcers. Utilized in traditional Chinese medicine and texture bark is a hybrid cross between red buckeye ( Aesculus,. Canker, which is just down the hill from this tree player must hold it the! Variety of health problems for centuries the trees are native to Eastern Europe but can be found:... Health problems for centuries Little use for timber diameter of the chestnut palmately! Treat the veins … What is horse chestnut trees also exhibit interesting bark with twisted limbs porous 1 quality affordable!, causing snags is considered to be safe. as Aesculus hippocastanum L. plant family: Hippocastanaceae ( Aescin has... E. horse chestnut cream is an herbal ointment made from horse chestnut for other.... Flowers of a candle great place in the leg muscles, joints, and smooth gray bark muscles... Post-Thrombotic syndrome by attractive, spiny, green leaves and white flowers the raw seeds, blossoms and... The wood, being soft and spongy, is of very horse chestnut bark use for.! More fissured texture ( `` the Woodland Trust '' ) of bioflavonoids, including the subclass flavonoids... Chestnut leaves, oil and seeds are used to make medicine used with some success in dyeing yellow 25. Slightly cracked player to call “ strings ” or “ snags ” an!

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